the coming pandemic -related articles
1. A nasal spray which increases our trust for strangers is showing promise as a treatment for social phobia, say scientists from Zurich University.
They found that people who inhaled the \"love hormone\" oxytocin continued to trust strangers with their money - even after they were betrayed.
Brain scans showed the hormone lowered activity in the amygdala - a region which is overactive in social phobics.
Drug trials are under way and early signs are promising say the scientists.
We hope and indeed we expect that we can improve sociability by administering oxytocin
Dr Thomas Baumgartner
Nicknamed the \"cuddle chemical\", oxytocin is a naturally produced hormone, which has been shown to play a role in social relations, maternal bonding, and also in sex.
Lead researcher Dr Thomas Baumgartner said: \"We now know for the first time what exactly is going on in the brain when oxytocin increases trust.
\"We found that oxytocin has a very specific effect in social situations. It seems to diminish our fears.
\"Based on our results, we can now conclude that a lack of oxytocin is at least one of the causes for the fear experienced by social phobics.
\"We hope and indeed we expect that we can improve their sociability by administering oxytocin.\"
Previous studies have shown that participants in \"trust games\" took greater risks with their money after inhaling the hormone via a nasal spray.
In this latest experiment, published in the journal Neuron, the researchers asked volunteer subjects to take part in a similar game.
They were each asked to contribute money to a human trustee, with the understanding that the trustee would invest the money and decide whether to return the profits, or betray the subject\'s trust by keeping the profit.
The subjects also received doses of oxytocin or a placebo via a nasal spray.
After investing, the participants were given feedback on the trustees. When their trust was abused, the placebo group became less willing to invest. But the players who had been given oxytocin continued to trust their money with a broker.
\"We can see that oxytocin has a very powerful effect,\" said Dr Baumgartner.
\"The subjects who received oxytocin demonstrated no change in their trust behaviour, even though they were informed that their trust was not honoured in roughly 50% of cases.\"
In a second game, where the human trustees were replaced by a computer which gave random returns, the hormone made no difference to the players\' investment behaviour.
\"It appears that oxytocin affects social responses specifically related to trust,\" Dr Baumgartner said.
During the games, the players\' brains were scanned using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).
The researchers found that oxytocin reduced activity in two regions which act as natural \"defence barriers\".
They are the amygdala, which processes fear and danger, and an area of the striatum, which helps to guide future behaviour, based on reward feedback.
The amygdala has been found to be extremely active in the brains of sufferers of social phobia.
Dr Baumgartner\'s colleague, Professor Markus Heinrichs, has begun a study where social phobia sufferers are given either oxytocin or a placebo, in combination with cognitive and behavioural therapy.
The trials are ongoing, but Dr Baumgartner said that early signs appear \"promising\".
The hormone could also be a candidate for treating patients with autism, he says.
\"Autistic people also have a fear of social situations and have problems interacting, so it is very likely that oxytocin could help,\" he said.
\"This hormone seems to play a very specific role in social situations so might be able to improve autism. But so far I am not aware of any studies.\"
Mauricio Delgado, a psychologist at Rutgers University, said: \"This study has significant implications for understanding mental disorders where deficits in social behaviour are observed.
\"While a degree of wariness may protect one from harm, being able to \"forgive and forget\" is an imperative step in maintaining long-term relationships.
\"The reported oxytocin finding could provide a bridge for potential clinical applications.\"
2. Ft. Detrick and Anthrax
Even Fort Detrick Scientists Themselves Think the Killer Anthrax Came from their Facility
Even experts at the U.S. bioweapons facility at Fort Detrick think that the anthrax which was used in the 2001 attacks came from their facility:
\"In an e-mail obtained by FOX News, scientists at Fort Detrick openly discussed how the anthrax powder they were asked to analyze after the attacks was nearly identical to that made by one of their colleagues.
\"Then he said he had to look at a lot of samples that the FBI had prepared ... to duplicate the letter material,\" the e-mail reads. \"Then the bombshell. He said that the best duplication of the material was the stuff made by [name redacted]. He said that it was almost exactly the same ... his knees got shaky and he sputtered, `But I told the General we didn\'t make spore powder!\'\"
Indeed, 3 of the 4 suspects the FBI is investigating are employees of Fort Detrick, which is run by the Army.
This new information verifies that the anthrax came from the Fort Detrick military base (confirmed here).
Some people are pretending that someone unconnected with the army bioweapons facility at Fort Detrick stole the anthrax. However, as the above-quoted article states:
\"Fort Detrick is run by the United States Army. It\'s the most secure biological warfare research center in the United States,\" a bioterrorism expert told FOX News.\" It is not very likely that someone could steal anthrax from the most secure facility in the U.S., run by the Army.
Indeed, the FBI apparently knew in 2002 who mailed the anthrax letters. See this, this, and this.
And yet government investigators and prosecutors have covered up and refused to disclose who did it for 6 years. Initially, the FBI tried to frame an innocent man for the attacks.
More importantly, \"The FBI has completely shut Congress out of its now five-year investigation into anthrax attacks on Capitol Hill and around the nation\". In other words, Congress—which legally has every right to know what really happened, and which was the main victim of the attack—is being kept in the dark. If the FBI really didn\'t know who did it, and was really conducting an honest investigation, why would it stonewall Congress?
There is strong evidence that the anthrax attacks were a false flag attack. Indeed, the bioweapons expert who actually drafted the current bioweapons law (the Biological Weapons Anti-Terrorism Act of 1989) while working for President George H.W. Bush has said that he is convinced the October 2001 anthrax attacks that killed five people were perpetrated and covered up by
criminal elements of the U.S. government. The motive: to foment a police state by killing off and
intimidating opposition to post-9/11 legislation such as the USA PATRIOT Act and the later Military Commissions Act. See also this.
At the very least, the FBI and the White House are actively covering up for the person who really did it.
3. Private outfit to run Ft. Detrick\'s germ warfare program
By Richard J. Ochs August 25, 2007
It is bad enough that germ warfare technology is being expanded at Ft.Detrick, making Frederick the initiator and world center of a global biological arms race of new designer doomsday diseases. These millions should instead be spent on preventing and curing existing diseases. Yes – that\'s bad enough. But it gets worse. A corporate fox is being put in charge of the diseased hen house. Battelle National Biodefense Institute has received a $500 million contract award to manage and operate the new biodefense analysis center, currently under construction at Fort Detrick, Md. That is like putting Blackwater, the world\'s largest mercenary army, in charge of the Pentagon. It is bad enough to contract out war making. It is yet another level of perfidy to put the contractor in charge.
Privatization is so prevalent that the tail is now wagging the dog. A private corporation with proprietary interests will run the government\'s germ warfare program. This is yet another level of concealment from independent oversight. The reason given by the U.S. government for not signing the Geneva Protocol for International Inspection and Verification is that it would infringe on the proprietary rights of U.S. corporations. With a corporation running Ft.Detrick, it will be even harder to get any kind of independent oversight or information about what is going on behind these gates on 7th Street. Now it is not only classified, it is private property. Private corporations should not be involved in germ warfare at all.
That is not the only problem. There is private money to be made. Just as for-profit health care systems do not put the interest of the patient first, corporate involvement in germ warfare is asking for trouble. Battelle is partnered with Bioport for America\'s sole anthrax vaccine production. They made a killing after the 2001 anthrax letters killed 5 people and scared the hell out of everybody else. Who sent the letters? Follow the money! http://www.911review.org (search: Battelle anthrax)
Since President Eisenhower warned us about the undemocratic power of a military/industrial complex, we have witnessed for decades how war profits have corrupted our political system. This out-of-control machine must be stopped before it kills us all. The only way to stop it is to take the profits out of war making. Like health care, defense should be on a non-profit basis. That would stop campaign contributions from Locheed-Martin, Battelle/Bioport and all the other blood-sucking profiteers.
.Battelle has been working with anthrax for years under contract with the CIA and Ft. Detrick, illegally I might add, since President Nixon ordered all such work to be stopped in 1969. It was only the publicity of the 2001 anthrax attacks which revealed that the CIA and their contractors have been developing anthrax and other agents all along.
World renowned international law expert Francis Boyle of the University of Illinois pointed out that the Pentagon just laid out a contract to Battelle now to develop anthrax that will be resistant to any type of treatment.
There is evidence that Battelle operatives, through their contracts with Ft. Detrick and the CIA, sent the anthrax letters. A 1998 New Yorker article outlines the joint work of Ken Alibek and William C. Patrick, III. Patrick was contracted by Battelle to write a report on the potential of sending anthrax through the mail prior to the anthrax letters. http://www.911review.org (search: Battelle anthrax)
Reuters News Service reported (12/16/2001) that the CIA had cultures of the Ames strain. The New York Times reported (12/13/2001) that the Agency had been conducting secret experiments with powdered germs since 1997 at Battelle Memorial Institute in Ohio. According to the Washington Post (11/30/2001), Battelle received the Ames strain from Fort Detrick in May of 2001. The CIA said it was trying to develop defenses against anthrax, but did not explain why it was doing what other defense labs were set up to do.
The Battelle Memorial Institute is possibly the only corporation in the world known to possess both the Ames strain as well as a \"national security division\" offering the services of a team of \"engineers, chemists, microbiologists, and aerosol scientists supported by state-of-the-art laboratories to conduct research in the fields of bioaerosol science and technology.\" On its Web site, Battelle calls this research group \"one-of-a-kind.\"
Battelle is capable of sophisticated work, as it also makes one of the world\'s most advanced medicinal powders. Battelle\'s pharmaceutical division, BattellePharma, also in Columbus, is one of the few companies anywhere developing electrostatically charged aerosols for inhalation. BattellePharma\'s Web site boasts that the company\'s new \"electrohydrodynamic\" aerosol \"reliably delivers more than 80% of the drug to the lungs in a soft (isokinetic) cloud of uniformly sized particles.\" Other powders, boasts the Website, only achieve 20% or less. This is evidence that Battelle was a logical place to start looking for clues. Officials from Battelle and the Army declined to comment on any aspect of anthrax powder manufacture. http://cryptome.org/anthrax-powder.htm
The FBI reportedly interviewed Battelle employees, finding no suspects, but not all leads were followed, A Carlyle Group Subsidiary, EG&G, had access to Battelle and Fort Detrick anthrax by way of a service contract with Battelle. The Carlyle Group, a military contractor, included H.W.Bush and the Bin Laden family among its owners until recently. Carlyle/EG&G was the connection between Battelle/Detrick and the Bush family at the time of the anthrax attacks. http://www.911review.org (search: Battelle anthrax)
There have been no reported interviews with EG&G by the FBI at that time. FBI chief Robert Mueller, described as a cover-up artist, took over the FBI two months before the anthrax letters were sent.
The lead investigator into the BCCI banking scandal was Robert Mueller, who steered the investigation clear of any money laundering investigation into any of BCCI\'s clients, despite ample evidence that would have incriminated a large number of international players, including the Bush family. Mueller was also the lead prosecutor in the Noriega case, and fixed it so that Noriega wasn\'t allowed to mention the CIA at his trial, or show any evidence that he worked for the CIA.
So why should we trust the FBI to fairly investigate the anthrax attacks, especially when they botched the investigation from the beginning? Not only did they allow the stored Ames anthrax specimens to be destroyed the same day the contaminated letters were mailed to senators, making tracing the mailed anthrax more difficult, they dragged their feet for months in interviewing scientists at Ft. Detrick about the case.
Recently the FBI changed its former assessment that only a high tech lab and top scientist could have made the mailed anthrax, judged to be state-of-the-art purity and size of particles. Now the FBI is saying any biology student could make it, including foreign terrorists. After 6 years of contrary test conclusions, now they are casting a wider net instead of zeroing in on the more likely suspects. Now that independent researchers are getting close to a Bush connection with the anthrax mailer, the FBI is looking abroad.
But it is too late. The FBI has already blown its credibility. It is a travesty that the goals of the anthrax senders were allowed to be achieved. It is worse than ironic that a company involved in making the mailed anthrax is now in charge of the U.S. expansion of germ warfare R&D at Fort Detrick. But that should not surprise us. It follows a pattern. Those responsible for allowing the 9/11 plane attacks, whether by malfeasance or incompetence, were all promoted and given raises.
The whistleblowers, who reported violations of laws and procedures on 9/11 by the FBI, CIA, FAA, and Air Force, were demoted, fired or ignored. The anthrax letters were instrumental in getting the Patriot Act passed and getting billions for germ warfare R&D.
The 9/11 plane attacks were instrumental in getting us into wars for oil (Iraq) or oil pipelines (Afghanistan). Since the culpable in both attacks were rewarded, the obvious conclusion is that both attacks were inside jobs. Each time, we should ask: who benefits? The answer: follow the money.